1. Mandate
The Department of Operations draws its mandate from the Central Bank Act of 2000 and Payment Systems Act of 2014 respectively. As part of that mandate, it offers banking services to the Government and its agencies, commercial banks and international agencies. The Department has a mission to provide• efficient and timely banking services and ensures that the payment system of Lesotho is safe and sound and compares well with those in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, and internationally. The key functions of the Department can be summarised as follows:
•To promote the efficient operation of the payments systems;
• To issue, manage and redeem the currency of Lesotho; and
• To act as banker and advisor to, and as fiscal agent of, the Government of Lesotho.

2. Divisions
The Department consists of three (3) Divisions namely; Banking Operations, Currency Operations and National Payment System.

a) Banking Operations Division
The main functions of the Banking Operations Division include the following:

  • To act as a banker to the banks by accepting deposits, providing bank account services, maintaining banks' clearing and settlement accounts, and other deposit accounts;
  • To operate the clearing house to provide the clearance facilities for interbank transactions;
  • To participate in the Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS) on behalf of the Bank and the Government; and
  • To act as banker to the Government by operating accounts and tellers' facilities for Government Departments and agencies by way of acceptance of deposits and making payments on behalf of the Government.

b) Currency Operations Division
The Currency Operations Division draws its mandate from Section 6(b) of the Bank Act, “to issue, manage and redeem the currency of Lesotho”. Thus, it is tasked with currency management which involves, inter alia, handling of bulk deposits and withdrawals by commercial banks, systemic issue of new and re-issuable currency and destruction of soiled and mutilated banknotes.

The Division follows the Clean Note Policy to uphold the standard of the national currency and, in that context, its include the following:

  • To issue Maloti and Rand to commercial banks to satisfy public demand for currency;
  • To ensure maintenance of clean quality notes that are also durable and meet machine processing standards;
  • To guard against counterfeit notes by ensuring that currency design has adequate security features;
  • To manage the national currency to ensure adequate supply of currency to meet demand at all times;
  • To redeem currency that is mutilated or has been taken out of circulation, and ensure that soiled and mutilated currency is destroyed;
  • To maintain proper and adequate records of stock of currency and to ensure that withdrawals and deposits are accounted for and properly recorded in currency registers;
  • To repatriate Rand to South Africa and collect Maloti from South Africa; and
  • To ensure safe custody of currency.

c) National Payment System (NPS) Division
The National Payment System Division is operating under the ambit of Section 6(h) of the Central Bank of Lesotho Act of 2000 and the Payment System Act of 2014. Its main function is to promote an efficient operation of payment systems. NPS performs this function through operation and administration of the Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS) called Lesotho Wire and through the oversight of the payment systems. The main goal of this is to ensure effectiveness in inter-bank funds transfer and reduction of payment risks, especially systemic risk.
The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To put in place appropriate legal and regulatory framework that can support a modern payment and settlement system and the implementation of RTGS for large value payments;
  • To guide the evolution of Lesotho’s payment system, focusing primarily on the overall soundness and effectiveness of the system.
  • To ensure safety and efficiency of Lesotho’s systemically important payment and securities settlement systems.
  • To facilitate financial inclusion initiatives that addresses the needs of the under-banked and the unbanked.
  • To administer, operate and monitor daily operations of Lesotho Wire for high value and time critical payments;
  • To facilitate and promote cross-border trade and investment by putting an enabling legal and regulatory framework that support deployment and operation of cross-border payment and securities settlement systems;
  • To ensure that all systematically important payment and settlement systems comply with international standards such as the Principles for Financial Market Infrastructure (PFMIs); and
  • To reduce the use of cash and paper-based instruments and promote electronic payments.

1. Mandate
The mandate of the Department of Enterprise Risk Management is to facilitate efficient and effective management of the Bank’s risks and projects and provide assurance on continuity of critical business processes at all times.

2. Objectives
The objectives of the Department include the following:

  • To facilitate an enabling environment for the identification, assessment and mitigation of bank risks;
  • o provide assurance on continued operation of critical business process at all times; and
  • To ensure Bank’s projects are efficiently managed and return value to the organization.

3. Divisions
The Department consists of three (3) Divisions namely; Risk Management, Business Continuity Management and Project Management.

a) Risk Management Division (RMD)
The functions of the Risk Management Division include the following:

  • To develop and implement risk management tools (policies, frameworks and procedures);
  • To raise awareness on risk management concepts to all levels of the Bank;
  • To guide and direct departments on risk management; and
  • To report and proffer advice to Management and the Board of Directors on risk-related issues for decision making.

b) Business Continuity Management (BCM) Division
The functions of the Business Continuity Division include the following:

  • To develop and implement business continuity management tools (policies, frameworks, guidelines, models and procedures);
  • To hold awareness campaigns on business continuity management concepts to all levels of the Bank;
  • To guide and direct departments on BCM;
  • To test and provide continuous improvement of the BCP and DR site; and
  • To report and proffer advice to the Bank on BCM issues for decision making.

c) Project Management Office (PMO)
The mandate of the Division is to foster project management excellence throughout the Bank and ensure that only projects aligned with strategy are performed, and on time, within budget and acceptable quality levels. This goal is achieved through the development of a world-class best practice capability that will also enable well-planned projects to successfully deliver expected outcomes within budget, on time, and aligned with programme and portfolio goals and objectives.
The functions of the Project Management Division include the following:

  • To provide project support services;
  • To provide project specialist services;
  • To provide project consultancy and advisory services;
  • To provide strategic and governance services on project management; and
  • To provide guidance, assistance and oversight of CBL portfolio of projects.

 

1. Mandate
The mandate of the Department of Financial Markets is to manage the country’s reserves and develop domestic money and capital markets. The Central Bank of Lesotho (the Bank) through the Department promotes the development of financial markets in Lesotho through managing official foreign reserves, implementation of monetary policy through Open Market Operations, and contracting and managing the Government’s domestic debt through issuance and redemption of Treasury Securities. Recent establishment of Maseru Securities Market trading platform will go a long way in deepening the market and enhancing secondary market activities.

2. Divisions
The Department consists of two (2) Divisions namely; Reserves and Market Operations, and Market Risk and Development.

a) Reserves and Market Operations Division
Through the Department of Financial Markets, the Bank is mandated by section 6 (f), of the Central Bank of Lesotho Act of 2000 to own, hold and manage its official international reserves. The primary motive of the Bank for holding reserves is to maintain the value of the Loti (LSL) and to be in a position to settle the country’s international obligations promptly.
The functions of the Market Operations Division include the following:

  • To Maintain and manage the foreign exchange reserves at adequate levels to facilitate the foreign transactions for Lesotho;
  • To coordinate all trading and other related activities on the trading floor and provide support to broking and dealing clients; and
  • To undertake securities’ auctions to support monetary policy operations.

b) Market Risk and Development Division
The functions of the Market Risk and Development Division include the following:

  • To provide analytical support to reserves management function in order to meet the objectives of holding of reserves;
  • To prepare and monitor strategies for portfolio management;
  • To monitor the risk exposure of reserves against set risk parameters in line with the Bank risk tolerance; and
  • To initiate and manage developmental projects to domestic financial markets.

1. Mandate
The mandate of the Department of Human Resources is to attract and retain top talent through the adoption and subsequent implementation of forward thinking HR solutions.

2. Objectives
The objectives of the Department include the following:

  • To provide strategic advice to the Bank on all HR related issues;
  • To attract and retain top talent for the Bank that enables delivery of its mandate;
  • To ensure that members of staff are motivated;
  • To ensure maximum utilisation of talent;
  • To create high performing teams;
  • To engender trust in HR;
  • To build harmonious relationships between management and staff; and
  • To collaborate with management and line departments to ensure proper HR management.

3. Divisions
The Department consists of four (4) Divisions namely; Business Partners, Centre of Expertise, HR Shared Services and Facilities Management.

a) Business Partners Division
The functions of the Business Partners Division include the following:

  • To act as the front office of HR thus providing immediate service on all HR functions to business units; and
  • To consult CoE for advice or solutions and relies on HRSS for processing of line/departmental applications.

a) Centre of Expertise (CoE) Division
The functions of the Centre of Expertise Division include the following:

  • To develop tools, frameworks, policies, processes and procedures; and
  • To sell and work-shop all HRD tools to management and staff.

b) HR Shared Services (HRSS) Division
The functions of the HR Shared Services Division include the following:

  • To provide the administrative HR support including processing of all applications for loans, staff leave/s, medical aid and managing all HR records (soft & hard); and
  • To provide relevant services as the super-user of the operational HRIS, including support to HR practitioners, training all other users and acting as interface between CBL and the service provider.

c) Facilities Management Division
The Facilities Management Division is charged with the responsibility of providing support services to operational departments of the Bank.
The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To identify, assess, control and manage safety, health and environmental risks through dynamic, formal, structured and holistic processes to facilitate effective risk reduction plans and actions throughout the Bank to either eliminate or minimise incidents in the work place;
  • To manage and maintain bank-wide facilities, including all immovable and movable assets being, buildings, equipment and furniture, vehicles and all other contents thereof;
  • To transport all passengers on official duties of the Bank and assist with repatriation exercises of the Bank;
  • To ensure good housekeeping and provision of refreshments to all staff, meetings and visitors;
  • To maintain all Bank premises by ensuring the landscape to ensure welcoming ambience at all times;
  • To provide central depository of all the hard copy records of the Bank, to provide messenger services for internal and external deliveries of mail, and to manage, safely keep, and retrieve all records of the Bank;
  • To consolidate capital budget requirements of the Bank and manage the implementation thereof; and
  • To ensure that policies and procedures that guide the above mandates are in place and up to date to ensure smooth operation.

Mandate:

The mandate of the Central Bank of Lesotho (CBL) as spelled out under the Central Bank of Lesotho Act 2000 is to achieve and maintain price stability. The Act also provides the following objectives and functions that impact on the Lesotho financial system, from where the Department derives its mandate:

  1. i) to foster the liquidity, solvency and proper functioning of a stable market-based financial system;
  2. ii) to formulate, adopt and execute the foreign exchange policy of Lesotho;

iii) to license or register and supervise institutions pursuant to the Financial Institutions Act 1999, the Money Lenders Act 1989, the Building Finance Institutions Act 1976, and the Insurance Act 1976;

  1. iv) to promote safe and sound development of the financial system; and
  2. v) to monitor and regulate the capital market.

The Bank Supervision and Financial Stability Department is charged with the responsibility of safeguarding the overall soundness and stability of the financial system through the deployment of micro and macro-prudential supervisory instruments. This is achieved through the regulation and supervision of banking and other non-bank financial institutions in Lesotho, which entail developing appropriate laws, regulations and guidelines that govern the players in the banking sector; continuous review of the banking sector laws, regulations and guidelines to ensure that they remain relevant to the operating environment and are aligned to the international best practices; and contributing towards initiatives that promote financial inclusion.

The Department is divided into three Divisions, namely:

  • Banking Supervision Division;
  • Financial Surveillance & Integrity Division; and
  • Financial Stability Division.
  • The Consumer Protection Unit is a shared service that serves the two Departments of Supervision.

The Department adopted a Risk Based Supervision (RBS) approach to supervision of licensed financial institutions since 2009. Under this approach, the CBL assesses the risk profile of each institution and ascertains the effectiveness of the systems and procedures to identify, measure, monitor and control risks. The approach seeks to promote competition, safety and soundness of the financial sector. It therefore, benefits institutions as regulatory efforts are more focused on high-risk areas and provides for more efficient supervision. The framework enables CBK to be more proactive and better positioned to pre-empt any serious threat to the stability of the financial system from current or emerging risks.

The Legal Instruments administered include:

  • Financial Institutions Act 2012 and its implementing Regulations (about 20 regulations):
  • Money Laundering and Proceeds of Crime Act, 2008 (As amended) and its implementing Regulations;
  • Exchange Control Regulations 1989 and the Currency and Exchanges Manual for Authorised Dealers 2019;

 

Banking Supervision Division


The Banking Supervision Division is responsible for the supervision of banks in Lesotho and Large Financial Cooperatives licensed by the Central Bank of Lesotho. The Supervision function is discharged through off-site monitoring and on-site examinations. Off-site monitoring analyses financial statements, prudential and risk management reports submitted periodically to the Central Bank of Lesotho. The onsite examinations verify the accuracy and reliability of data and information submitted to CBL by the banks, including areas that cannot be readily assessed through prudential reports.

The functions of the Division include:

  • To develop and implement an off-site surveillance system for banks that continuously monitors the financial health of banks;
  • To prepare periodic reports on the financial soundness of and the review of compliance with laws and regulations by banks;
  • To conduct examinations of banks to ensure effective regulatory and supervisory oversight of Banks;
  • To verify accuracy of data submitted by banks to the CBL and provide feedback to the off-site information system;
  • To prepare comprehensive reports of examination on financial condition, adequacy of risk management systems and internal controls, adequacy of Board and Senior Management oversight and Management Information Systems and extent of compliance with laws and regulations of examined banks;
  • To follow-up banks’ compliance with directives and other corrective measures issued by the Commissioner;
  • To recommend to the Commissioner possible course of action in handling problem banks;
  • To arrange meetings with the Board, Management and Auditors of banks to discuss areas of concerns arising out of examinations and reports submitted to the CBL;
  • To evaluate applications for mergers, acquisitions and change in ownership control of banks;
  • To evaluate requests for branching, establishment of agencies and other extension offices of existing banks;
  • To evaluate the suitability of new products and services to the domestic environment;
  • Cooperate with other supervisory authorities in cases of cross border banking activities;

 

 Financial Surveillance and Integrity Division

This Division is responsible for supervision of the Authorised Dealers in foreign exchange (ADs) to enforce compliance with Exchange Control and Anti Money Laundering and Combating of Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Laws. The Division administers the delegated powers of the Minister of Finance on certain banks which have been appointed to act as ADs, which give them the right to buy and sell foreign exchange, subject to conditions and within prescribed limits. The Division also oversees compliance on Authorised Dealers in foreign exchange with limited authority (ADLAs) including Bureaux de Change, which deal in foreign exchange for the sole purpose of facilitating travel related transactions. The general objective for the Division is to create an enabling environment for trade and investment in Lesotho, by advising the Government on appropriate domestic policies to pursue, and to ensure that Lesotho does not become a safe haven for money laundering and by taking appropriate measures to combat it. The supervision function is discharged through offsite monitoring and onsite examinations, applying a risk based approach for the supervision of AML/CFT risks.

The functions of the Division include:

  • To advise the Government of Lesotho through the Bank on appropriate domestic policies to implement and to ensure that an enabling environment in foreign exchange controls exists;
  • To hold consultative meetings with data providers such as the Lesotho Revenue Authority (LRA), Authorized Dealers (ADs) and the exporting community, in order to ensure compliance to Exchange Control Regulations;
  • To issue instructions to ADs whenever there are policy changes or adjustments;
  • To process all foreign exchange applications submitted to the Central Bank, in terms of the Regulations;
  • To monitor inflows and outflows of Foreign Exchange Transactions from the ADs and Authorised Dealers with Limited Authority (ADLAs) in order to ensure compliance with Exchange Control Laws;
  • To compile statistics on Foreign Exchange Transactions for submission to the Research Department of the Central Bank and advice on policy direction;
  • To process and analyze Exchange Control Declaration Forms F178;
  • To monitor inflows of export proceeds to ensure compliance with the Regulations;
  • To inspect the records of ADs and ADLAs to ensure compliance with Exchange Control Regulations and Guidelines;
  • To monitor and analyse reports from banks to assess money-laundering risks;
  • To conduct examinations of banks to ensure effective regulatory and supervisory oversight of Banks;
  • To review AML/CFT regulations issued by the Commissioner and develop guidelines in line with international   best practice such as FATF recommendations; and
  • To cooperate with other supervisory authorities in cases of cross border banking activities;

Financial Stability Division

The Division’s is responsible for safeguarding the entire financial sector system stability focusing on banking and non-banking financial institutions; disseminating information to policy makers, financial institutions and the general public about the possible risks to the financial system; providing recommendations on regulations and policies that may limit risks; and coordinating and participating in the resolution of financial institutions in an efficient and effective manner.

The functions of the Division include:

  • Develop and implement macro-prudential policy;
  • Conduct macro-prudential surveillance including stress tests in order to identify vulnerabilities and assess resilience of the financial system;
  • Participate and coordinate issues relating to crisis management and financial safety-nets at national and cross-border level, which comprise enhanced supervision, emergency liquidity assistance recovery and resolution as well as deposit insurance systems;
  • Prepare and publish periodic reports (i.e. financial stability reports) on the soundness of the financial system;
  • Conduct research on pertinent and emerging macro-financial and financial stability issues;
  • Serve as a secretariat for the Financial Stability Committee.

 

Financial Consumer Protection Unit

The FCP Unit was established in 2018 with the main objective of protecting the financial consumers from unfair, deceptive or abusive practices and taking action against FSPs that violate the financial consumer laws. The FCP Unit is responsible for supervising market conduct via on-site and off-site examinations (transparency and disclosure), complaints handling and redress, developing policy and legal framework, and engaging in financial education and literacy campaigns. The Unit supervises all financial institutions under the purview of the Central Bank of Lesotho.

The Unit’s functions include:

  • On-site examination and off-site monitoring of financial consumer protection and market conduct issues;
  • Monitors financial consumer complaints handled by the banking industry and other financial institutions, for identification of FCP risk factors;
  • Investigates and facilitates the resolution of complaints lodged to the Central Bank when internal mechanisms of banks and other financial institutions had been exhausted;
  • Participate and contribute to financial inclusion initiatives; and
  • Participate and contribute to financial education and literacy initiatives.

1. Mandate

The mandate of the Department of Internal Audit is to determine whether the systems of financial and risk management, internal control and governance processes, as designed and represented by Management, are adequate and functioning in the following manner:

  • Risks are appropriately identified and managed;
  • Business objectives are achieved in an efficient and effective manner;
  • Reliable financial and operating information is provided to Management and staff for decision making and accountability;
  • Legislative, regulatory or contractual requirements are recognised and met; and
  • Resources are adequately protected, used economically and effectively applied against stated priorities.

2. Objective
The objective of the Department is to be a strategic partner and work co-operatively with Management and staff to improve the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of operations. It assists the Central Bank of Lesotho in accomplishing its objectives by bringing a systematic and disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the Bank's risk management, control, and governance processes.

3. Divisions
The Department consist of two (2) Divisions namely; Operational, Financial and Compliance, and Information and Technology Audits.

The functions of the above-mentioned Divisions include the following:

  • To evaluate the reliability and integrity of information and the means used to identify measure, classify, and report such information;
  • To evaluate the systems established to ensure compliance with those policies, plans, procedures, laws, and regulations which could have a significant impact on the Bank;
  • To evaluate the means of safeguarding assets and, as appropriate, verifying the existence of such assets;
  • Evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency with which resources are employed;
  • To evaluate the operations or programs to ascertain whether results are consistent with established objectives and goals and whether the operations or programs are being carried out as planned;
  • To monitor and evaluate governance processes;
  • To monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the Bank's risk management processes;
  • To perform consulting and advisory services related to governance, risk management and control as appropriate for the Bank;
  • To report periodically on the Internal Audit Department’s purpose, authority, responsibility, and performance relative to its plan;
  • To report significant risk exposures and control issues, including fraud risks, governance issues, and other matters needed or requested by the Board; and
  • To evaluate specific operations at the request of the Board or Management, as appropriate.

The Department of Research work is enshrined in the Central Bank of Lesotho Act No.2 of 2000. The Department implements the Bank’s function of:
a) Ensuring monetary stability pursuant to Sections 5 and 6 (c) & (d)
b) Being advisor to Government pursuant to Section 41 (3) (c) (i) & (ii)
c) Producing reports on the state of the economy pursuant to Section 46 (1) & (2)

Key Functions

  1. Pursuant to Sections 5 and 6 (c) & (d) the Department is responsible for the implementation of monetary policy which involves maintaining the peg between the Loti and the Rand. The Department is the Secretariat to the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Bank. The research and analysis that informs the monetary policy stance by the MPC is conducted by the Department.
  2. Pursuant to Sections 41(3) and 46(1) the Department is responsible for conducting economic research and analysis and proffer advice to Government through submission of reports to the office of the Minister of Finance.
  3. Pursuant to Section 46(2), the Department publishes the reports it produces through regular economic reviews and seminars.

Scope of Work
The work of the Department is therefore organized around the following activity clusters:

  • Research & Analysis
  • Reports & Publications
  • Collection, Compilation &Dissemination of Statistics
  • Projections & Forecasts
  • Monetary Policy Operations
  • Regional Integration Activities


Organization
The Department is organized into four Divisions supported by a Unit as follows:

  • International Economics Division
  • Statistics Division
  • Studies & Analysis Division
  • Modelling & Forecasting Division
  • Knowledge Management Unit

 

1. Mandate
The mandate of the Department of Corporate Affairs is to provide a specialised and technical advice to the Bank on legal, corporate governance, communication, compliance, strategy, and secretariat services.

2. Divisions
The Department consists of the six (6) Divisions namely; Legal and Advisory, Corporate Communication, Corporate Governance, Compliance, Strategy Management and Board Secretariat.

a) Legal And Advisory Division
The Legal and Advisory Division is charged with the primary responsibility of managing the Central Bank of Lesotho’s legal risk. This is carried out through the exercise of the responsibilities of the Legal and Advisory Counsel as a function within the Bank. The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To develop and review of the Bank’s regulatory and supervisory legal framework;
  • To manage the Bank’s litigation;
  • To provide legal advice and counsel to the Bank; and
  • To manage contracts of the Bank.

b) Corporate Communication Division
The Corporate Communication Division is charged with the responsibility of promoting effective communication with both internal and external stakeholders thus enhancing the corporate brand image and reputation of the Bank.

The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To keep employees informed about work related issues;
  • To foster alliances and lobby the support of stakeholders for the various programmes and activities of the Bank;
  • To manage the corporate social responsibility programme of the Bank;
  • To monitor and improve customer care;
  • To deal with stakeholder queries and enquiries;
  • To liaise with the media;
  • To provide technical support to management on communication issues;
  • To provide protocol services including management of events of the Bank; and
  • To promote strong bilateral and multilateral relations with the Bank’s international stakeholders.

c) Corporate Governance Division
The Corporate Governance Division is charged with the responsibility of management of and ensuring that there are effective and efficient governance and ethics processes within the Bank.
The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To monitor governance of Information Technology;
  • To promote the culture of Business Practices and Ethics;
  • To manage performance management across the entire Bank;
  • To ensure the maintenance of the code of Ethics;
  • To establish and monitor Ethics Management process within the Bank;
  • To develop Bank-wide Fraud prevention plan;
  • To conduct Fraud and Ethics risk assessment process within the Bank; and
  • To conduct ethics awareness and rollout and an on-going Training on ethics management.

d) Compliance Division
The Compliance Division is responsible for oversight and monitoring of Compliance Risk Management and control systems. The Compliance Function supports Senior Management in managing the compliance risks and embedding compliance in the culture of the Bank. In this regard, the Division supports the Bank with the following:

  • To embed compliance with laws, regulations, business principles, rules of conduct, customer agreements and established good business practices in every aspect of the Bank;
  • To establish and maintain effective compliance risk management and control systems, including monitoring and reporting; and
  • To provide timely advice to the Bank on relevant changes in the compliance environment.

The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To advise the Bank on Compliance issues;
  • To support the Bank to raise awareness of Compliance Risk Appetite and established best practices;
  • To support the Bank by identifying, assessing and overseeing the mitigation of Compliance Risks; and
  • To report on compliance matters that warrant the attention of Management and the Board. Such reports include, as a minimum, exceeded compliance risk tolerance levels and unaccepted business practices.

1. Mandate
The Department of Finance was formed in fulfilment of the requirements of Section 53 of the Central Bank Act of 2000 (Accounts and Annual Report).

2. Divisions
The Department consists of two (2) Divisions namely; Accounts and Budget, and Treasure Operations

a) Accounts and Budget Division (ABD)
The ABD is charged with the responsibility of providing financial information for the Bank. In terms of the CBL act 2000, the Division seeks to continually develop and maintain a sound accounting system for the Bank within the framework of the evolving International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Accounting Standards (IAS). It also efficiently monitors the budget in order to serve the Bank in its planning, coordinating and controlling function.
There are currently three sections under the ABD, namely; Financial Accounting, Accounting Standards and Budget, and Management Accounting.
The key objective of the above-mentioned sections is to develop and maintain a sound accounting system from which reliable financial statements can be produced from time to time. In order to implement these objectives, the two sections have identified the following core functions as key performance areas:

The key functions of the three sections are to:

  • Collect, analyse, summarise and post accounting data to the general ledger on a daily basis;
  • Match purchase orders to suppliers’ invoices and process payments appropriately;
  • Ensure reasonableness of accounts in the general ledger;
  • Maintain the Fixed Assets Register (FAR);
  • Support the process of acquisitions, depreciation, tax depreciation and disposal of fixed assets;
  • Process staff monthly payroll in accordance with instructions from Human Resources Department;
  • Act as issuers of cheque books and commemorative coins;
  • Maintain proper books of accounts and prepare monthly, quarterly and annual financial statements;
  • Prepare, every year end, the final accounts of the Bank as required by the CBL Act 2000 and coordinate the work of the external auditors in the auditing of the Bank’s accounts;
  • Assess and mitigate risks, and ensure that risk registers are kept up to date.
  • Give guidance and / or assistance to other divisions in relation to financial accounting issues.

The strategic objectives of this Division have been designed to address specific challenges. In particular, reporting that is compliant with IFRS and IAS, Innovation and Modernisation, integration of financial systems, and review of Departmental structure in line with the approved Enterprise Resource Programme (ERP) and Effective usage of technology systems in all areas within the Division.
Budget and Management Accounting Section
The objective of the Budget and Management Accounting Section is to enable planning, directing and controlling of the Bank’s budget that is aligned to strategy. It also provides financial information of the Bank in a manner that will enable Management to measure performance against approved plans and therefore enable decision making process.
The Key functions of the Section include the following:

  • To coordinate and compile the divisional budgets of the Bank by issuing budget instructions; classify data from division’s proposals and conduct interviews;
  • To consolidate and submit budget proposals to the Budget Committee;
  • To ensure that the IDU System is updated with the approved budget;
  • To monitor the implementation of the approved budget versus the availability of funds;
  • To ensure that items are charged to appropriate account code centres
  • To produce monthly management reports, variance analysis that highlights areas of concern and recommendation.
  • To produce analytical reports and forecasts that will assist Management to make informed decisions.

b)Treasury Operation Division
The Division is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that all the foreign exchange receipts due to and payments by the bank are received and made by it and recorded in the Bank’s accounting system.
The objective of the Division is to ensure that all deals contracted by the Financial Market Department and instructions received directly into the Treasury Operations Division are confirmed, settled and properly accounted for in the Bank’s accounting records.
The functions of the Division include the following:

  • To confirm all contracted deals with counterparties to the specifications of the deals;
  • To settle all contracted deals with counterparties to the specifications of the deals;
  • To account for all transactions entered into by the Division into the bank’s General Ledger system;
  • To attend to queries raised by counterparties or initiating such queries as necessary;
  • To prepare the annual budget for the Division; and
  • To prepare the annual work programme for the Division.

Reconciliations and Verifications Section (RAV):

The main purpose of this Section is to provide assurance that the daily operations of the Department conform to the specifications of both the Accounts and Budget and Treasury operations divisional policies and procedures manuals, guidelines and applicable laws. (e.g. tax and labour codes).
This activity is intended to provide oversight and assurance to the Director of the daily management of the operational risk of all functions in the Department.

The functions of the Section include the following:

  • To ensure compliance with the internal control procedures intended to manage operational risks inherent in the day to day management of the Banks finances, reserves and trading of securities;
  • To ensure that Treasury securities auctions and redemptions are accurate;
  • To ensure that transactions are recorded accurately in the General Ledger;
  • To reconcile all the Banks’s foreign Bank accounts and domestic securities accounts; and
  • To reconcile all the Bank staff Loans reconciliation accounts and all payroll related accounts.
  • Identify operational risks inherent in the day to day management of the Department’s operations and advise Director on how to manage them.
  • Obtain certificates of year end balances from counter parties.

1. Mandate
The mandate of the Department of Information Communication Technology is to enable operations of the Bank through provision of information technology based services required to facilitate the efficiency and effectiveness of the Bank’s business processes

2. Objectives
The objective of the Department is to support strategic direction of the Bank by enabling the Bank in its different functional areas through;
•Planning of Information Systems and Infrastructure required to support the strategic direction
•Delivery, Maintenance and support of information systems and infrastructure required to support the strategic direction
•Training on ICT Systems and Technologies

3. Divisions
The Department consists of three (3) Divisions namely; Enterprise Architecture and IT Governance, Business Solutions and Infrastructure and Operations.

a)Enterprise Architecture and IT Governance Division
The mandate of the division is to determine the information technology requirements of the various functional units of the Bank and to establish information technology roadmaps to best support the short-term, medium-term to long-term objectives of the Bank. The division is also mandated implement IT Governance and Service Management practices in order to ensure that ICT department delivers its services effectively, efficiently and in accordance with best practices in the field.
Functions of the Enterprise Architecture and IT Governance Division include the following:

  • To facilitate the planning of information technology solutions for the Bank through establishment of enterprise architectural roadmaps
  • To optimize the Banks business processes in order to enhance the overall efficiency of the Bank in carrying out its operations
  • To implement IT Governance and Service Management practices in order to ensure that ICT department delivers its services effectively, efficiently and in accordance with best practices in the field
  • To manage IT compliance to technology licensing requirements, general IT controls as well audit and risk management recommendations

b) Business Solutions Division
The mandate of the division is to execute projects for delivery of new or enhanced Information Technology based solutions required to support short-term, medium-term to long-term objectives of the Bank. The division is mandated to maintain and support the Information Technology based solutions of the Bank.

Functions of the Business Solutions Division include the following:

  • To undertake detailed analysis of business area requirements for planned information technology based solutions
  • To identify solutions to best address the requirements for planned information technology based solutions
  • To acquire, build, enhance and integrate Information Technology based solutions
  • To maintain and support the Information Technology based solutions
  • To provide training of end users on implemented Information Technology Based Solutions

c) Infrastructure and Operations Division
The mandate of the division is to establish new or enhanced networks, hardware and infrastructure components required to support short-term, medium-term to long-term objectives of the Bank. The division is also mandated to look after IT security infrastructures to protect the Bank’s environment and information.

Functions of the Infrastructure and Operations Division include the following:

  • Establishment and maintenance of network and data communications infrastructure platforms necessary to host business applications;
  • Establishment and maintenance of data center infrastructure technologies;
  • Establishment and maintenance of network and infrastructure security solutions
  • Establishment of disaster recovery and business continuity measures on hardware, networks and infrastructure;
  • Provision of end-user training on desktop automation software solutions, collaboration and mobile software
  • Operating the end-user support service desk

 

  • Departmental Mandate

To safeguard the safety, soundness and efficiency of payment, clearing and settlement systems as well as to protect the interest of consumers

  • Mission

Developing and implementing best of class payment, clearing and settlement systems through responsive and dynamic regulation, robust infrastructure, effective oversight and customer centricity.

  • Vision

To ensure that every Mosotho have access to a bouquet of payment options that are safe, secure, reliable, convenient, quick and affordable

 

  • Divisions

Payment systems are generally categorized as retail payment systems (RPSs) or as large-value payment systems (LVPSs). RPSs typically handle a large volume of relatively low-value payments in such forms as cheques, credit transfers, direct debits, and card payment transactions. RPSs may be operated either by the private sector or the public sector. LVPSs typically handle large-value and high-priority payments. Many LVPSs are owned and operated by central banks. The function of the Department of Payment and Settlement is structured in line with this definition, but more importantly also taking into consideration of the oversight role.

  • Operations & Development Division

Mandate

  • Operate and monitor large value payment system
  • Provide terms and conditions for admission to be a participant in the large value payment system.
  • Organize, set technical standards and regulate the participation of members on the large value payment system
    • Policy, Oversight and Research Division

Mandate

  • Facilitate oversight of the payment and settlement system. Oversight of payment and settlement systems is a central bank function whereby the objectives of safety and efficiency are promoted by monitoring existing and planned systems, assessing them against these objectives and, where necessary, inducing change
  • Promote financial inclusion and FinTech development
  • Licensing for operating a system in Lesotho (MNO and FinTech)

 

  • Payment Association of Lesotho Operations

Mandate

  • Operate (Clearing and switching) and monitor retail payment system (cheques, credit transfers, direct debits, and card payment transactions)
  • Technology is facilitating the entry of new players in payments. The prominence of traditional providers of payment services (banks and debit and credit card networks) is being challenged by non-traditional Payment System Providers (telecom operators, social networks, payment aggregators). Therefore, there is emerging need to organise, set technical standards and regulate the participation of members on the retail payment system.
  • Supporting the development of effective standards and infrastructure arrangements
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Financial Indicators

24 November 2020

Loti / US Dollar       15.3701
Loti / Euro 18.2382
Loti / Pound 20.4699
Loti / SDR                                            21.9433
 

Monthly Inflation (%) 2019 to 2020

Net International Reserves

RESEARCH & SUPERVISION DATA